Daniel H. Pink reveals his six favorite books about work. It's an interesting and eclectic list.
A few quick additions, all of which are novels:
Company by Max Barry. A very funny novel about a young man who discovers that no one quite knows what his employer does.
A Confederacy of Dunces by John Kennedy Toole. The great novel about an eccentric, his lute, his love, and a hot dog stand. And, of course, it is in New Orleans.
Bartleby The Scrivener by Herman Melville. Bartleby chooses not to work and what are the repercussions? [Moby Dick also contains insights into the workplace. Isn't Captain Ahab the ultimate nutty boss?]